Diabetes is a serious condition in which the blood sugar is excessive, chiefly because the body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t process it adequately. If this problem becomes obvious, it’s easy to detect diabetes, but often, sugars aren’t excessively high, so diagnosing diabetes could be difficult. That’s why frequent screening is necessary for those who are overweight, have a family history of diabetes or have gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes: This type begins and dramatically and abruptly. It is usually seen in children, teens and adults and develops early in life.
- Type 2 diabetes: This shows up in adulthood and is typified by obesity, leading a sedentary lifestyle and having a family history of type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes don’t show up any symptoms or they are slow to become obvious.
The most tell-tale symptoms of diabetes are:
- Frequent thirst: If you are thirsty for water and drink several glasses of it and still feel you want more, it means your muscles and tissues are dehydrated. Your elevated blood sugar levels cause your body to draw fluid from other body tissues to thin the sugar in your bloodstream. This process can be very dehydrating and cause you to drink water excessively.
- Excessive hunger: Even after you’ve eaten, you might still be ravenous. Put this down to your tissues that don’t get enough energy from the food you eat. If your body doesn’t make the required insulin or if it is insulin-resistant, the sugar content of your food may not be able to enter your tissues to give you the energy you need. This will signal to you to eat more.
- Frequent urination: The more water you drink the more you will want to urinate. This cycle of drinking and urinating will only add to the problem. Your body may also try to get rid of excessive sugar by urinating.
- Being overtired: We get our energy from the sugar in our body. However, when diabetes shows up, automatically the body is less able to convert sugar into energy, causing a feeling of fatigue leading to overtiredness.
- Unexplained weight loss: Though you may continue to eat normally, you constantly feel hungry and lose weight rapidly. If your body is denied the required energy from food, it will break down other sources of energy in the body, such as reserves of fat and protein, leading to weight loss.
- Blurred vision: Very high blood sugar levels can lead to blurred vision due to a shift in fluid into the eye duct. Once the blood sugar levels are regulated, this problem is resolved.
- Slow to heal wounds: Doctors have noted that diabetics are more prone to infections and wounds that are slow to heal. This is perhaps due to high blood sugar levels impairing the body’s way of healing naturally and its inherent infection-fighting ability.
- Skin problems: The result of dry skin or poor blood circulation could be itchy skin. This is often a symptom of diabetes too.
- Inflamed and swollen gums: Diabetes could weaken your body’s ability to fight germs, thereby increasing infection in the bones and gums. This may cause loosening of the teeth or the gums could develop pus pockets, proving gum infection before diabetes is diagnosed.